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Persepolis

The English word Persepolis is derived from Greek Persépolis meaning the Persian city or the city of the Persians. Archaeological evidence shows that the earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BC. André Godard, the French archaeologist who excavated Persepolis in the early 1930s, believed that it was Cyrus the Great who chose the site of Persepolis, but that it was Darius I who built the terrace and the palaces. Inscriptions on these buildings support the belief that they were constructed by Darius. Persepolis probably became the capital of Persia during his time. Persepolis was not the biggest city in Iran, but it seems that it was a ceremonial complex. Alexander the Great invaded Persia and sent the main force of his army to Persepolis. They destructed Persepolis. It is believed that the fire which destroyed Persepolis spread to the rest of the city. It is not clear if the fire was an accident or a deliberate act of revenge for the burning of the Acropolis of Athens during the second Persian invasion of Greece. Many historians argue that, while Alexander's army celebrated with a symposium, they decided to take revenge against the Persians. If that is so, then the destruction of Persepolis could be both an accident and a case of revenge. Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persepolis

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