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Chehel Sotoun Mansion


The Chehel Sotoun Mansion, built in the early 11th century, was in an area surrounded by palaces and gardens of the Safavid government. The building was mainly for the official reception of guests and foreign ambassadors. The construction completed in three phases. In the first phase, the main hall was done, and in the second phase, the Mirror Hall and the side rooms were built. In the third phase, the Column Hall with 18 columns and wooden ceilings completed. The name of forty columns refers to the total number of columns seen; including their images reflected in the water. The paintings on the walls were done under the supervision of the famous artist, Reza Abbasi. These paintings have Iranian miniature style. Four large indoor parlors show scenes of battlefields and feasts of the Safavid kings. The next two main drawings, added to this addition later, are with similar subjects and are done by Sadegh Naghashbashi (artist of the Qajar period). Unfortunately, many of the paintings of the Safavid period have been destroyed during the Zol al-Sultan reign. It seems that this building caught on fire in the 12th century, and was repaired later.