What is Nuclear Medicine?
Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical science in which radioactive materials are used to diagnose and treat diseases. Diagnostic methods are used for various body organs such as bones, brain, kidneys, lungs, heart, digestive system and urinary tract.
The method is that at first the radio-drug specific for each organ is labeled with a radioactive substance and injected into the patient and accumulated in the target organ. Then the imaging of the organ is done by a gamma camera. Unlike radiological methods that generally provide information on body structure, nuclear medical techniques generally provide information about the function of various body organs.
The most common nuclear medicine scans include:
- Cardiac perfusion scan
- Full body bone scan
- kidney scans of DMSA and DTPA
- Ventilation-perfusion (VQ) scan
- Voiding cystourethrogram and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)
- Liver perfusion (HIDA)
- Testicular torsion
- Breast lymphocyte scan
- Brain perfusion scan
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